The Yogyakarta Principles are an authoritative application of human rights law in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity. In 2017, they were expanded in the Yogyakarta Principles plus 10, taking account of new developments in human rights jurisprudence, and adding the new attributes of sex characteristics and gender expression.
I was a member of the drafting committee and a signatory to the Yogyakarta Principles plus 10. In this peer-reviewed paper in the journal Culture, Health and Sexuality, based on a workshop at the 2018 intersex studies conference in Bologna, Italy, I outline the development, purpose and importance of the new Principles.
Carpenter, Morgan. 2021. ‘Intersex Human Rights, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Sex Characteristics and the Yogyakarta Principles plus 10’. Culture, Health & Sexuality 23 (4): 516–32. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2020.1781262.
An author manuscript version is freely available here.
The article forms part of a forthcoming special issue on intersex in the journal Culture, Health and Sexuality, and I am also a member of the special issue’s editorial committee.